Surah Shams : Verses 1-10 Urdu and English Translation


In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious and Merciful, we explore the depths of the Quran with an intent on seeking wisdom and illumination through its words. Surah Shams provides powerful insights that reflect upon one of nature’s magnificent bodies we witness daily – our Sun. This surah forms part of chapter 91 in the Quran and holds special place among Muslims around the globe.

Urdu and English Translation Surah Shams With Arabic Text

Allah in the name of The Most Affectionate, the Merciful.
By the sun and its brightness..1
And by the moon when it follows it..2
And by the day when it brightens it.3
And by ‘ the night when it covers it..4
And by the heaven and its Maker..5
And by the earth and its Expansionist..6
And by the soul and Him who perfected it.7
Then inspired its and it piety;.8
Undoubtedly he attained to his goal who cleansed it..9
And he failed who covered it in sin..10
The Thamud belied in their contumacy..11
When the most wretched of them got up.12
Then the Messenger of Allah said beware of the she camel of Allah and her drinking day..13
Then they belied him and ham strung her so their Lord destroyed them for their sin and leveled the town..14
And He feared not the consequences thereof.
Surah Shams
Surah Shams
Surah Shams

The Shining Sun – Surah Shams in English

Surah Shams (commonly referred to as “The Sun”) is an expansive yet compact chapter composed of only 10 verses – but is nonetheless profound in meaning and significance. Revealed during Prophet Muhammad’s early missionary years in Mecca, its meaning and importance cannot be discounted! Let us examine its depth.

Finding Guidance in the Glorious Sun

The Witnessing Sun (Verse 1-2)

By the sun and its brightness,

And [by] the moon when it follows it,

The surah begins by invoking both the sun and moon as symbols of its brilliance and of our Creator’s mightiness. Such imagery reminds us to appreciate and reflect upon its wonders while attesting to His greatness.

The Human Soul (Verse 3-4)

And [by] the day when it displays it,

And [by] the night when it covers it,

The next two verses beautifully capture the journey of human soul. Just as light illuminates and darkness dims our view of reality, souls also experience moments of clarity and darkness within their lives, prompting them to reflect upon their actions while seeking guidance from Allah during both favorable and challenging moments of their existence.

The Self’s Potential (Verse 5-6)

And [by] the sky and He who constructed it,

And [by] the earth and He who spread it,

And by His Maker (Jehovah), who formed and designed it. And He spread forth and prepared this earth for human life to inhabit it.

The subsequent verses call attention to both heaven and earth, noting their exquisite design and creation by Allah. Allah created each person uniquely with immense potential – encouraging each of us to find our purpose and strive to fulfill it.

Nurturing the Soul (Verse 7-10)

And [by] the soul and He who proportioned it,

And inspired it [with discernment of] its wickedness and its righteousness,

He has succeeded who purifies it,

And he has failed who instills it [with corruption].

Surah Shams concludes with verses dedicated to soul care – our essence as beings. Allah has granted each soul with the ability to distinguish right and wrong and success lies in purifying ourselves of any wickedness or corruption within. Consequently, Surah Shams offers us a poignant lesson in self-accountability and the importance of nurturing ourselves from within.


Surah Shams serves as an incredible reminder of both our place in the universe and ourselves within it. By contemplating its symbolism of sun worshippers and attributes, this surah prompts us to find guidance and purification within. Let this surah propel us on an exploration journey toward self-discovery, righteousness, and spiritual growth guided by Quranic wisdom.

Remind yourselves, just as the sun arises each morning to illuminate our world, let Surah Shams illuminate our minds and hearts with spiritual light.

Youtube Video: Surah Shams with urdu translation
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